Trees can be planted all year round, but if planted in late winter and spring, it is even more important to use the best techniques. Let’s see what not to do when planting new trees.
Fault 1: Provided the trees are at the correct height in the tank. Whether round or bagged (B&B) or container trees, the new trees will have excess soil on top of the real ball. The ground cover, burlap and soil must be completely removed. Unfortunately, almost every plant sold is too deep and covered with torches. Once you have determined the true ball height, measure so that the planting hole can be dug to a slightly smaller depth than the height of the root ball.
Fault 2: Planting in small, smooth-sided holes. Planting holes slightly larger than the root ball creates a “pot” in the soil, especially if the hole has smooth sides. The holes should be about three times wider than the root fungi and should have a rough, not smooth side. The width at the top of the hole is critical, not at the bottom.
Error 3: Refilling with foreign soil. Let the refill be what came out of the hole – nothing else. “Better” soils such as sandy loam or soil improvements don’t help. The native soil from the hole helps the roots grow easily into the surrounding soil with small shocks. A mycorrhizal fungus composition can be added to the filling. They accelerate root growth but do not change the basic composition of the soil.
Mistake 4: prune trees for no reason and / or in the wrong way. Most bets are a waste of time and money. Most healthy, properly planted trees behave without any stakes. Volatile and weak trees, as well as trees in too windy places, can be temporarily carved, not with rigid but loose joints, so the trees can continue to move with the wind, which promotes the diameter and strength of the trunk. This occasional pruning should never be left on the trees for more than one growing season.
Mistake 5: Thinning the tops of trees when planting. Removing one percent of the top growth to compensate for root loss is not helpful. The trees in the containers have no root loss – all in the container. Properly managed B&B trees also colonize better while maintaining top growth. Heavily pruned trees use their energy to regenerate the removed limbs first. Removing damaged or unwanted branches is okay, but it’s basically a cosmetic treatment. The smallest and weakest codominant strain should be removed to avoid tight “V” joints as the tree matures.
Error 6: Wrapping tree trunks. This is simply stupid. Paper or fabric packaging not only does not help prevent insect pests and diseases, but also increases the chances of providing them with a good environment. If sunburn is a concern, paint the trunks with latex paint that matches the color of the trunks.
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