Every garden needs some permanent elements, so evergreen shrubs should be added to any planting system.
Evergreen shrubs work hard to gain a place in the garden. They give interest and structure regardless of the month. Even better, they usually require little maintenance, which means few prunings are required. This makes them a favorite choice for making garden ideas in small or large gardens.
Evergreen shrubs that make your garden interesting
Some evergreen shrubs, in addition to giving a permanent structure to the garden planting, add color with beautiful blooms and berries; others have a strong scent, so they add much more than beautiful foliage all year round.
Mix them with your flower bed ideas or let them play a central role.
Garden designer Kate Gould recommends using a high percentage of evergreen shrubs that retain their structure year-round. “Ideally, 50 to 70 percent of the planting would be evergreen,” he says.
“The delicate upholstery of the evergreen plants adds a strong sculptural element,” says designer Emily Erlam.
1. Evergreen shrubs to add structure
Every garden should have strong “bones” and much of the structure of the gardens should be provided by planting.
“It’s important to ensure that the garden is beautiful all year round,” says garden designer Tommaso del Buono.
“This is where the evergreen shrubs come into play.” I use them to create the architecture on which I hang the whole garden. I love the box, one of the most important elements of Italian gardens, from the fresh growth of spring to the cozy scent. It makes the best fast-growing hedges and any other shape.
If you’re wondering how to design a garden, Tommaso advises the Japanese holly iIex crenata, and Phyllirea angustifolia, narrow-leaf false screw, useful for creating the structure.
‘Tiszafa, Taxus baccata, the best for tall hedges and large topiaries, and I like to use a bay, Laurus nobilis, for the same purposes, ”he adds.
2. Evergreen shrubs to define spaces
“In addition to the vertical elements of the trees and the textural and floral appearance of the grasses and perennials, the backbone of the evergreen shrubs is important,” says RHS Gold Medalist Rae Wilkinson.
Hedges made of laurel, chest, woodland, or wool, for example, can soften borders and highlight the separation between spaces, and be staggered to gradually loosen their height while highlighting lines.
“Smaller evergreen shrubs such as lavender and hebe provide shape, color and texture on the lower level. They can be used to highlight edges, soften level changes or separate connected spaces, ”adds Rae.
‘Hebe rakaiensis one of our favorite little evergreen shrubs to cover the side of the stairs where the wall is expensive and not necessarily desirable, especially if Nepeta “Walker’s Low,” explains landscape gardener Debbie Roberts.
Pruned evergreen shrubs can also define spaces and pathways.
“I have a clipped avenue in my own garden.” yew pyramids that shrink in size and distance to create a false perspective and make the garden longer, ”explains award-winning designer Robert Myers.
3. Evergreen shrubs for garden edging
“Evergreen shrubs generate and shape interest in garden edges and beds all year round, while successive perennials rise and fall, providing seasonal change, movement and interest,” explains gardener Alice Ferguson.
Tightly pruned or textured evergreen shrubs give the surrounding softer herbaceous planting a contrasting texture and shape.
Good keeping is important, so we should shape and prune the evergreen shrubs so that they look shapely and do not occupy the boundaries of the garden. Learn how to prune azaleas, choisya, or Mexican orange blossoms, how to prune camellias, and how to grow lavender and ceanothus to use them successfully as evergreen shrubs in the edges.
Alice advises you to use perennials such as Gillenia trifoliata, Thalictrum delavayi and Verbena bonariensis to ascend through and around the structural planting of evergreen shrubs for height. Undergrow and soften evergreen shrubs with low creeping perennials such as Geranium “Rozanne” and Alchemilla mollis, He adds.
4. To create a pattern of evergreen shrubs
“I love using evergreens to create green structural patterns through the gardens I design. The evergreen frame gives the garden harmony, balance and rhythm, ”says Alice Ferguson.
“The art of creating a structural frame with evergreens in a contemporary garden is an interesting subject that is worth exploring and is key to capturing the looser, natural-style planting that is currently in vogue,” he adds.
The official French gardens used the elaborate box parters as experts, but you can learn how to design a parter garden that fits the contemporary design in large and small gardens.
While parters are traditionally made with a box, there are many other evergreens that you can use to create shapes. Try Pittosporum tenuifolium, Ilex crenata, Taxus baccata, or osmanthus as an alternative evergreen shrub.
5. Evergreen shrubs for colorful flowers
You can highlight the backyard planting with the blooming evergreen shrubs.
“The term‘ evergreen ’does not mean that such plants have only green leaves. Rhododendron and nandina, for example, are evergreens, but they also have the advantage of blooming at different times of the year, ”explains Kate Gould.
– A dwarf camellia like Camellia sasanqua “Dwarf Shishi” is great for winter flowering, ”says Alice Ferguson
Camellia japonicaon the other hand, it blooms from mid-spring to late spring, appealing to bees as one of the flowers of wild garden ideas, “and can be used as a model plant in the curb or as an informal cover,” explains Leigh Clapp. .
6. Evergreen shrubs for variegated foliage
Evergreen shrubs with variegated foliage are very versatile.
“A combination of some subtle green and white, ideal for illuminating a dark corner; others are striking with the technicolor gold, orange, red and pink pigmentations that highlight the dark green foliage, ”explains gardener Leigh Clapp.
‘Bright Eleagnus x ebbingei The “Gilt Edge” illuminates a shady corner with its dark green centered leaves and contrasting golden margins. Other multicolored evergreen shrubs that can be tested include pittosporum, hebe, coprosma, pieris, daphne and photinia.‘ advises Leigh Clapp.
7. Evergreen shrubs that change color during the seasons
Some evergreen foliage also changes shades during the seasons.
In order not to look too similar in the green bars, choose different foliage varieties that change color or have silvery or variegated leaves.
Leigh Clapp highlights the following as good options for evergreen shrubs with color-changing foliage:
- Abelia, lime increases from green to dark green;
- Nandina, heavenly bamboo or sacred bamboo, turns from intense bright red from shades of red or purple in autumn;
- Euonymus changes from dark green to dark purple in winter, providing a color spot between the uniform palette;
- Photinia “red robin” they are appreciated for the bright red color of the newly grown leaves, which turn bronze green as they mature. Often used as a hedge or edging;
- Pieris japonica it has brightly reddish-pink new outgrown leaves.
8. Evergreen shrubs for autumn and winter berries
Some evergreen shrubs produce colorful and jewelry-like berries in the fall and winter that provide visual pleasure and a reliable source of food for birds and wildlife.
One way to create an eco-friendly garden is to provide a source of food for birds and other wildlife.
From pink to orange and red, there are many berry-growing evergreen shrubs, including holly, berberis, cotoneaster, skimmia, yew and nandina.
9. Evergreen shrubs for fragrant flowers
Not only consider the visual appeal of evergreen shrubs, but also think of the wonderful scents they can add to your garden planting system.
If you want to create an outdoor area that is attractive in all seasons, and a sensory garden full of scents, texture, and colors that is appealing to all the senses, add some blooming evergreens.
Try Choisya with its strongly scented flowers, which appear in late spring; daphne pink and white flowers that appear in late winter or spring with jasmine-like flowers of sarcococca and osmanthus.
10. Evergreen shrubs in pots
As part of your container garden ideas, you can get evolving with evergreens even in the colder seasons.
Evergreen shrubs provide a planting structure in pots all year round and require less daily care than containers containing annuals and perennials.
Use the largest planters found and plant evergreen shrubs all year round with seasonal blooms.
Boxwood, skimmia, camellia and dwarf conifers can all be used as evergreen container plants.
What are the most popular evergreen shrubs?
Among the most popular evergreen shrubs are those that give structure and privacy, but also color, shape and texture to the garden year-round. This includes fatsia, which has bright, medium-green leaves; euonim, perfect for hedges; photinia, which can be hardened into attractive round shapes; beloved camellia for its flowers; and lavender, perfect for scented dishes.
Which is the fastest growing evergreen shrub?
The fastest growing evergreen shrub may differ depending on which zone you live in. However, one of the fastest is the Murray cypress tree, which can grow to 4 feet a year. The list of fast-growing hedges includes hawthorn, which is great for wildlife; laurel – the perfect bright border hedge; purple for fragrant flowering; and mock orange with a beautiful scent.